Dichotic Digits difference Test (DDdT)

Appropriate for age 7 and over

The DDdT test presents different digit names (one to ten, excluding seven) to each ear simultaneously under headphones. The test is designed to differentiate individuals with cognitive deficits from those with genuine dichotic deficits based on differential test results. Each trial consists of two digits presented sequentially to each ear. Its two conventional test modes are: - Free recall, in which the client reports all four digits presented; and - Directed left and directed right, in which the client reports only the two digits presented to the directed ear.

DDdT differs from other dichotic digit tests in that also includes a control condition in which the stimuli are presented diotically (i.e. same sounds to both ears). Although the diotic condition shares many response demands with the usual dichotic tasks, there is nothing dichotic about the stimulus, so a score below the normal range in both the dichotic and diotic conditions may indicate that the cause does not originate from a problem with dichotic processing of sounds. Possibilities of such a result include deficits in memory, attention, or an auditory processing disorder that decreases the effectiveness with which any two simultaneously present sounds can be separated. The DDdT expresses all scores relative to the extensive normative data built into the software. This includes the derived scores of right-ear advantage, and dichotic advantage (i.e. dichotic score relative to diotic score).

LiSN-U Screenshot

Published Science

Dillon, H., & Cameron, S. (2021). Separating the Causes of Listening Difficulties in Children. Ear & Hearing, 42 (5):1097–1108. https://doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000001069.

Mealings, K., & Dillon, H. (2021). English language and language-free detection of spatial processing disorders in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. International journal of audiology, 60(9), 704–710. https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2020.1731614

Mealings, K., Cameron, S., Chong-White, N., Young, T., & Dillon H. (2021). Listening in Spatialized Noise - Universal Test (LiSN-U) test-retest Reliability study. International Journal of Audiology. International Journal of Audiology, 60 (1):75-80. https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2020.1795283.

Cameron S., Mealings K., Chong-White N., Young T., & Dillon H. (2020). The development of the listening in spatialised noise – universal test (LiSN-U) and preliminary evaluation in English-speaking listeners. International Journal of Audiology, 59 (4):263-271. https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1689431

Mealings, K., Cameron, S., & Dillon H. (2020). Correlating performance on the Listening in Spatialized Noise - Sentences Test (LiSN-S) with the Listening in Spatialized Noise - Universal Test (LiSN-U). International Journal of Audiology, 59 (7):519–523. https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2020.1753119

Mealings, K., & Harkus, S. (2020). Remediating spatial processing disorder in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 137, 110205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.110205